Battery Cathode, Anode, Electrolyte Materials and Powders

Lithium-ion Battery Materials: 

Cathodes, Anodes, Electrolytes, Binders, & Current Collectors

Have Questions? Contact an Expert

Cathode Materials

  • Lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2; LCO)
  • Lithium nickel cobalt oxide (LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2; NCA)
  • Lithium manganese oxide (LiMn2O4; LMO)
  • Lithium (excess) manganese oxide (Li2MnO3)
  • Doped lithium manganese oxide (LiMn2-xMxO4)
  • Lithium manganese nickel oxide (LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4; LMNO)
  • Lithium manganese nickel cobalt oxide composite (Li1+xMnxNiyCozO2)
  • Iron Phosphate (FePO4; FP)
  • Aluminum phosphate (AlPO4)
  • Lithium cobalt phosphate (LiCoPO4)
  • Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4; LFP)
  • Doped lithium cobalt phosphate (LiCo1-xMxPO4; M: Mn, Fe, Co, V, Gd, Mg)
  • Ti-doped lithium manganese nickel oxide (LiMn1-xTixNi5O4; LTMNO)
  • Iron disulfide (FeS2)
  • Titanium disulfide (TiS2)
  • Sodium manganese oxide (Na0.44MnO2; Na2Mn5O10)
  • Sodium manganese nickel oxide (NaMn2-xNixO4)
  • Doped sodium manganese nickel oxide (NaNi0.33FexMn0.333MgySnzO2)
  • Sodium cobalt oxide (NaxCoO2)
  • Sodium iron manganese oxide (Nax[Fe0.5Mn0.5]O2)
  • Sodium lithium nickel manganese oxide (Na0.85Li0.17Ni0.21Mn0.64O2)
  • Sodium vanadium phosphate (Na3V2(PO4)3)
  • Sodium iron phosphate (NaFePO4 – Olivine)
  • Sodium vanadium oxy-phosphate (NaVPO4F)
  • Sodium cobalt mixed phosphates (Na4Co3(PO4)2P2O7)
  • Sodium cobalt manganese nickel mixed phosphates (Na4Co2.4Mn0.3Ni0.3(PO4)2P2O7)
  • Sodium iron mixed phosphates (Na4Fe3(PO4)2P2O7)
  • Sodium iron sulfate (NaFe(SO4)2; Eldfellite mineral)

Anode Materials

  • Lithium titanium oxide (Li4Ti5O12; LTO)
  • Carbon-coated lithium titanium oxide (C-LTO)
  • Silicon-graphite (Si-C) composites with different mass ratios
  • Silicon monoxide nanowire (SiOx-NW)
  • Silicon monoxide nanowire-graphite (SiOx-C) composite
  • Tin oxide (SnO2)/doped tin oxide
  • Graphite

Solid Electrolyte Materials

  • Lithium tin phosphorous sulfide (Li10SnP2S12; LSPS)
  • Lithium germanium phosphorous sulfide (Li10GeP2S12; LGPS)
  • Lithium phosphorous sulfide (LPS variations: Beta-Li3PS4, Li7P3S11, Li9.6P3S12)
  • Lithium lanthanum titanate (Li0.34La0.51TiOy)
  • Lithium Aluminum Titanium Phosphate [Li1.4Al0.4Ti1.6(PO4)3]
  • Lithium lanthanum zirconium oxide (Li7La3Zr2O12; LLZO)
  • Lithium niobium oxide (LiNbO3)
  • Sodium zirconium silicon phosphate (Na3Zr2Si2PO12)
  • Sodium hafnium silicon phosphate (Na3Hf2Si2PO12)

Liquid Electrolyte Materials

Any combination of Salts, Solvents, and Additives:

  • Liquid Electrolyte – Salt
    • Lithium Hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6)
    • Lithium Perchlorate (LiClO4)
    • Lithium Tetrafluoroborate (LiBF4)
    • Lithium Iodide (LiI)
    • Lithium Bis(oxalato) Borate [LiBOB; LiB(C2O4)2]
    • Lithium Bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide (LiTFSi; Li(CF3)2(SO2)2N)
  • Liquid Electrolyte – Solvents & Additives
    • Acetonitrile (AC; C2H3N)
    • Ethylene Carbonate (EC;  C3H4O3)
    • Diethyl carbonate (DEC; [C2H5O]2CO)
    • Dimethyl carbonate (DMC; [CH3O]2CO)
    • Ethyl Methyl Carbonate (EMC; C4H8O3)
    • Propylene carbonate (PC; C4H6O3)
    • Chloroethylene Carbonate (ClEC; C3H3ClO3)
    • Ethylene Sulfite (ES; C2H4O3S)
    • Tetrahydrofuran (THF; C4H8O)
    • Fluoroethylene Carbonate (FEC; C3H3FO3) (4-Fluoro-1,3-dioxolan-2-one)
    • Vinylene Carbonate (VC; C3H2O3)

Binder & Binder Solutions (Aqueous and Non-Aqueous)

  • Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)
  • Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC)
  • Poly(Acrylic Acid) (PAA)
  • Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR)

Current Collector Foil/Sheet

  • Copper (Cu) foil
  • Aluminum (Al) foil
  • Carbon-coated aluminum foil

Separator

  • Monolayer PP (Polypropylene)
  • Trilayer PP/PE/PP (Polypropylene / Polyethylene / Polypropylene)

Carbon- and Graphite- based Conductive Additives

  • Super P conductive carbon black / Super C65 / Super C45
  • Graphite SFG6 / SFG6L
  • Graphite KS6 /KS6L